After the test, you might feel mild discomfort from the scraping, or a bit of cramping. In addition, human papilloma virus HPV test may be performed either as indicated for abnormal Pap results, or in some cases dual testing is done, where both a Pap smear and HPV test are done at the same time also called Pap co-testing. The Nobel Committee delegated the in-depth investigation of Papanicolaou's merits and demerits to Professor Santesson, who was at that time the head of pathology at the Stockholm Cancer Institute Radiumhemmet. Because it is so common, most people get HPV infections shortly after becoming sexually active for the first time. Liquid-based cytology often uses an arrow-shaped brush, rather than the conventional spatula.
Then your doctor will scrape a small sample of cells from your cervix. That said, PAP smears are screening tests looking for pre-cancerous changes in cells attained though a pelvic exam. At that time there is a substantial likelihood that the abnormalities will have cleared by themselves. Some people develop genital warts from HPV infection, but others have no symptoms. Liquid-based cytology often uses an arrow-shaped brush, rather than the conventional spatula. These techniques are less expensive and can be performed with significantly less training. Pap smears can be a bit uncomfortable, but the test is very quick. Conventional Pap—In a conventional Pap smear, samples are smeared directly onto a microscope slide after collection. Obtaining a pap smear should not cause much pain,  but it can if the woman has certain untreated vaginal problems such as cervical stenosis or vaginismus , or if the person performing it is too harsh, or uses the wrong size speculum. Tell your doctor if discomfort or bleeding continues after the day of the test. In some cases, a computer system may prescreen the slides, indicating those that do not need examination by a person or highlighting areas for special attention. After the test, you might feel mild discomfort from the scraping, or a bit of cramping. The most reliable way to avoid infection is to not have anal, vaginal, or oral sex. Most women feel a slight push and irritation during the brief scraping. The latter two take responsibility for reporting the abnormal sample which may require further investigation. This may result in unnecessary discomfort. A smaller speculum, lidocaine gel, and warming the instruments and lubricant ahead of time, along with extra time in the exam room and gentle technique, can all contribute to reducing the risk to manageable levels. What happens during a Pap smear? Normal results are sometimes also referred to as negative. See above- relatively high. This device keeps the vaginal walls open and provides access to the cervix. Vaccines can protect against several types of HPV, including some that can cause cancer. It is common practice to get patients through their pregnancies before re-evaluation of most abnormal PAP smears. In addition, human papilloma virus HPV test may be performed either as indicated for abnormal Pap results, or in some cases dual testing is done, where both a Pap smear and HPV test are done at the same time also called Pap co-testing. There are a few ways your doctor can take this sample. Cells may exfoliate onto the cervix and be collected from there, so as with endocervical cells, abnormal cells can be recognised if present but the Pap Test should not be used as a screening tool for endometrial malignancy. In women, Pap tests can detect changes in the cervix that might lead to cancer.
Video about sex after a pap smear:
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