The sex of the person buried in the first woodblock, a man aged 45 to 50, raised no doubt, but the individual buried in the second woodblock was a different story This is evidenced by the burial ritual: As to the cause of the young man's death, neither anthropologists nor geneticists have been able to find it yet. The buried persons also had different hairstyles: In addition, researchers found near the pelvis of the buried person 34 cowrie shells, which might have been belt decorations.
This is evidenced by the burial ritual: By analyzing uniparental inheritance markers mtDNA and Y-chromosome , we determined the probability of close kinship between the individuals from the paired burial in both the female and male lines. Shells were an extremely rare find in Pazyryk graves. In science, like in life, myths are born from one set of facts and die under the pressure of other facts. The anthropologists' conclusions were confirmed by the features of the accompanying inventory: The buried persons also had different hairstyles: The preservation of the DNA in the remains of the young individual was much lower than in those of the aged man. The disease affects mostly males and begins in the second or third decade of life. They were usually found in handbags together with beads and seeds of exotic fruits; researchers believed that the shells served as amulets. As to the cause of the young man's death, neither anthropologists nor geneticists have been able to find it yet. But we should not think that paleogenetics alone can resolve all archaeological mysteries. However, we should not say that paleogenetics offers an infallible and absolute solution for all the unresolved problems in archaeology. In addition, these shells were known to have a semantics of a symbol of female fertility. The buried people had a high social status and were part of the Pazyryk elite. Moreover, the new data are a reason for revising the possible kinship between the buried persons. Discovering the burial of this girl—a rider and warrior—became one more argument for the hypothesis that the Pazyryk society may have had a tradition whereby those young girls from the elite who were prone to the art of war could learn, before they got married, to use weapons, although this was a unique case for the Pazyryk culture Polosmak, Apart from human remains, the two woodblocks contained sets of weapons consisting of iron ax hammers with a wooden handle, iron daggers in a wooden sheath, and goryta cases with bows and arrows. The main method was molecular genetic analysis with four systems of genetic markers mitochondrial DNA, a polymorphic fragment of the amelogenin gene, STR-loci of autosomes, and STR-loci of the Y-chromosome. The postcranial bones are very long, almost the same in terms of absolute size and massiveness as male skeleton bones According to Chikisheva, his skeleton had signs of severe damage with one of the varieties of chronic polyarthritis: The data on the profiles of autosomal STR-loci show that the investigated individuals were not direct relatives; in this case, taking into account the sex of the buried, they could not have been father and son. The new data are a reason for revising the possible kinship between the buried people: The chins of the male and female skulls are very similar in shape. The paired burials of Ukok are more likely to be explained by these factors. However, scientists have obtained reliable molecular genetic evidence that both of the individuals from Ak-Alakha 1 burial mound 1 were male, although these data are at odds with the physical anthropology results for the gender identification of the younger individual. The identical signs of illness may indicate a kinship of those buried in the mound. In the experiments, scientists have obtained ample evidence for the different degrees of preservation of the DNA in the remains of the two individuals.
Video about sex week at brown university:
University Cancels Controversial 'Sex Week' Party
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